information on cookies and their use
1. What are cookies?
Cookies are small text strings that the sites visited by the user send to his terminal (usually to the browser), where they are stored and then retransmitted to the same sites on the next visit by the same user. While browsing a site, the user can also receive cookies on his terminal that are sent from different sites or web servers (so-called “third parties”), on which some elements may reside (such as, for example, images, maps, sounds, specific links to pages from other domains) on the site he is visiting.
Cookies, usually present in users’ browsers in very large numbers and sometimes even with characteristics of wide temporal persistence, are used for different purposes: execution of IT authentications, session monitoring, storage of information on specific configurations regarding users accessing the server, etc.2. Technical and profiling cookies
For the purposes of the law, two macro-categories are identified: “technical” cookies and “profiling” cookies.
a. Technical cookies.
Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of “carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or to the extent strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service “(see art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Privacy Code).
They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or operator of the website. They can be divided into navigation or session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas); analytics cookies, assimilated to technical cookies when used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site; functionality cookies, which allow the user to navigate according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service provided. For the installation of these cookies, users’ prior consent is not required.
b. Profiling cookies.
Profiling cookies are aimed at creating user profiles and are used in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the same in the context of surfing the net. Due to the particular invasiveness that these devices may have in the private sphere of users, European and Italian legislation provides that the user must be adequately informed about their use and thus express their valid consent.
3. Session and Persistent Cookies
The Session Cookies, which contain the information that is used in your current browser session. These cookies are automatically deleted when you close the browser. Nothing is kept on your computer beyond the time of use of the site.
Persistent Cookies, which are used to keep the information that is used in the period between access to the website, or used for technical purposes and to improve navigation on the site. This data allows sites to recognize that you are already a known user or visitor and adapts accordingly. “Persistent” cookies have a duration that is set by the website and that can vary from a few minutes to several years.4. First-party and third-party cookies
That is, it is necessary to take into account the different person who installs cookies on the user’s terminal, depending on whether it is the same operator of the site that the user is visiting (which can be briefly referred to as “editor”) or a site different that installs cookies through the first (so-called “third parties”).
First-party cookies, created and readable by the site that created them.
Third-party cookies, which are created and readable by domains external to the site and whose data are stored by the third party.5. Cookies used by this website
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